Braces, also known as brackets. Scranton Braces DentistBraces, also known as brackets, are the most common appliance orthodontists use to correct tooth problems. New dental technology has resulted in smaller, more comfortable and more efficient metal brackets such as those shown below. Less noticeable tooth-color or clear brackets made of ceramic or plastic are also shown. Your orthodontist will review the different types of available brackets and recommend the most effective and comfortable option for you. Brackets are usually bonded to each tooth with an orthodontic adhesive. Molar brackets are sometimes bonded and sometimes attached to a band which is fitted to the specific anatomy of the tooth. The brackets are connected to each other by an arch wire and held in place by “O” rings or spring clips. What is life like in braces? Visit our Life in Braces page to find out.

Additional Appliances

In addition to braces, other appliances may be used during orthodontic treatment, including:

Rapid Palatal Expander

This special appliance widens the roof of the mouth, allowing room for crowded teeth to grow naturally and/or expands the upper jaw to more closely fit the lower jaw.

Functional Appliance

A “removable” retainer worn to redirect jaw growth.

Lingual Arch

Fits on the inside of the lower teeth, from molar to molar, as a space maintainer.


Typically worn to move the upper molars back or hold the upper jaw back, slowing its growth, while the lower jaw is free to grow forward.